Entering in the Capitoline Museum you could get in touch with the Real History of Rome, with its remains and proofs of the most important city of the Ancient Times. Of course, the museum hosts many archeological works of art, but there is just one which could describe all the importance and the powerful of the Caput Mundi. A sort of animal symbol that underlines what is Rome and what could be its meaning. I am talking about the famous “SheWolf“, hosted in a room of the museum and surrounded by the name of some men who tried to improve and make larger Rome.
When you walk through the rooms of the Palazzo Conservatori, one of the palaces which form the archeological collection of the most ancient museum in the world, it is difficult to stay some minutes in front of this bronze SheWolf with two childrens in the act of drinking her milk. This simple statue which we could date back to the IV century BC, represent all the meaning of Rome. It depicts its divine origine, its powerful and eternity, the moment in which Rome started to stay in the History, making it.
Moreover the SheWolf with the Twins, Romolo and Remo, had some mysteries inside it…first of all, the archeologists are discussing about its age. We know that She is an Etruscan work and that She was realized by an Etruscan workshop. Then, we know that firstly the SheWolf didn’t have the Twins, because according to the traditions they were insert by an artist named Pollaiolo, during the final part of the XV century, when the Pope Sixtus IV decided to make a gift to Rome. The SheWolf, in fact, belonged to the treasure of the Vatican, and with this deed the Pope wanted to stay closer to Rome and its population. This gift and the SheWolf, for this reason, represent the first museum in the world, just because many works of art were given to Senate of Rome of the Renaissance. But today the archeologists think that the Twins were add by Pollaiolo copying an ancient representation and sources of the II century BC, just two century after the realization of the statue.
Then, we will stay in front of it, you should try to think about its enormous value for Rome and Romans. It was an example of the great and mythical origins of Rome: the SheWolf depicts the Nature and the Gods who decided to help Romolo and Remo, in order to create the most powerful city in the world. The SheWolf was used just for political things and propaganda. Augustus was the first to use it in order to remember to the Romans where were their origins. Hadrian, in a period in which the classical art and the memories of Rome had to improve, decided the same thing. Massenzio, when he stayed inside the Aurelian Wall waiting for Costantino and his army, tried to obtain the esteem of the population with the SheWolf…So, do you observe how She is important? A normal SheWolf who did something against her natural instinct symbolizes the entire Rome and, in a certain way, the entire of our History.