The wonderful perspective of “Villa della Farnesina”

arts in rome artsinrome master fine art romaVilla della Farnesina was erected at the beginning of the XVI century by [sg_popup id=”12″]Baldassare Peruzzi[/sg_popup], a man and an artist who gave many treasures at Rome.

Inside this wonderful villa, the main and the most gorgeous example of the Renaissance building in the city, Peruzzi managed to create and think something curious and beautiful: two rooms completely covered by frescos. Special frescos… We stay at the second floor of Villa della Farnesina which was commissioned by the rich man Agostino Chigi.  He was a banker, lending much money to everyone, particularly Popes. For this reason his patrimony was so large, quite enormous.

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Many noblemen in that period wanted to underline their power building graceful homes, plenty of artistic masterpieces.
In fact, Agostino Chigi decided to call one of the main artist of his period in order to realize his home and representative Villa: the architect was Baldassare Peruzzi, a friend of [sg_popup id=”13″]Raffaello Sanzio[/sg_popup].
Raphael too worked and embellished the villa, but today I wish to talk about to Baldassare Peruzzi, who created something incredible. Going in the first room, named “Salone delle Prospettive”, your look will be totally captured by the frescos of the wall, that haven’t no empty spaces. Everything was covered by colors and, mainly, false perspective.

What is it?

arts in rome artsinrome art master in romeWe have a perspective when the third dimension is set in a surface with just two dimensions. Peruzzi was able to create landscapes and panoramic viewpoints where there is just a wall… Moreover he used false architectural elements, as columns and balaustrades, in order to improve the sense of depth. Usually in that period the ancient art and elements which could remember the history of Rome and Ancient Greek were used to decorate villas, palaces etc. It was due to the incredible love, and sometimes mania, which developped in Rome during the beginning of the XVI century. This colorful room brought our mind in new dimensions, in a false reality which is totally different by the one that we know. But this reality is quite similar, with its ancient buildings and fantastic landscapes, to the ones which the Romans of the Empire searched in their wonderful villas outside the wall of the city centre. In this way we could understand how the Renaissance discovered another time not only the art of Rome, but also its functions.

arts in rome artsinrome master fine art roma

But there is also another room at the secondo floor of Villa della Farnesina, just beyond the first hall. In this case walls are totally covered by frescos depicting historical people and deeds, with Alessandro Magno and his life as main character. The general who conquered quite the entire world with his enomrous army, arriving in India and getting in touch with numerous populations and tribes, was in that period a symbol of powerful. For this reason Baldassare Peruzzi decided to choose him, in order to create a connection with Agostino Chigi. In this way the rich man could be consider himself as a sort of man who could rule the world with his main weapon: money

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The wonderful perspective of the Villa della Farnesina
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Arts in Rome
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Gianluca Pica

Hi, I'm Gianluca and I'm an official Tour Guide of Rome! I wish to discover and communicate to everybody the beauty of Rome, with its monuments and secrets, its gorgeous churches and palaces. I studied a lot, mainly the history of art and the ancient and mmodern roman traditions. I have a Master in Tourism Management and a degree in Tourism Science. Moreover, I have a great passion about Rome and I would exchange it with you!