The Capitoline She-Wolf

Lupa Capitolina RomaEntering in the Capitoline Museum you could get in touch with the Real History of Rome, with its remains and proofs of the most important city of the Ancient Times. Of course, the museum hosts many archeological works of art, but there is just one which could describe all the importance and the powerful of the Caput Mundi. A sort of animal symbol that underlines what is Rome and what could be its meaning. I am talking about the famous “SheWolf“, hosted in a room of the museum and surrounded by the name of some men who tried to improve and make larger Rome.

When you walk through the rooms of the Palazzo Conservatori, one of the palaces which form the archeological collection of the most ancient museum in the world, it is difficult to stay some minutes in front of this bronze SheWolf with two childrens in the act of drinking her milk. This simple statue which we could date back to the IV century BC, represent all the meaning of Rome. It depicts its divine origine, its powerful and eternity, the moment in which Rome started to stay in the History, making it.

arts in rome eventMoreover the SheWolf with the Twins, Romolo and Remo, had some mysteries inside it…first of all, the archeologists are discussing about its age. We know that She is an Etruscan work and that She was realized by an Etruscan workshop. Then, we know that firstly the SheWolf didn’t have the Twins, because according to the traditions they were insert by an artist named Pollaiolo, during the final part of the XV century, when the Pope Sixtus IV decided to make a gift to Rome. The SheWolf, in fact, belonged to the treasure of the Vatican, and with this deed the Pope wanted to stay closer to Rome and its population. This gift and the SheWolf, for this reason, represent the first museum in the world, just because many works of art were given to Senate of Rome of the Renaissance. But today the archeologists think that the Twins were add by Pollaiolo copying an ancient representation and sources of the II century BC, just two century after the realization of the statue.

tn_DSC_0100Then, we will stay in front of it, you should try to think about its enormous value for Rome and Romans. It was an example of the great and mythical origins of Rome: the SheWolf depicts the Nature and the Gods who decided to help Romolo and Remo, in order to create the most powerful city in the world. The SheWolf was used just for political things and propaganda. Augustus was the first to use it in order to remember to the Romans where were their origins. Hadrian, in a period in which the classical art and the memories of Rome had to improve, decided the same thing. Massenzio, when he stayed inside the Aurelian Wall waiting for Costantino and his army, tried to obtain the esteem of the population with the SheWolf…So, do you observe how She is important? A normal SheWolf who did something against her natural instinct symbolizes the entire Rome and, in a certain way, the entire of our History.

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The Borromini’s lantern: the fire of the Knowledge

Imagine to walk peacefully throught the fine streets in the city centre of Rome.
Now, imagine to have to the right an open door.
Passing the entrance, you will stay just in the centre of a courtyard, surrounded by columns. But what is majestic and truly beautiful is a white and brilliant lantern set above a church in front of you.

That lantern, the architectural final part of a dome in a church, has a spiral shape, recalling movements and virtuosism. It isn’t a dream, but a true church which stands not far from Piazza Navona. This is the church of Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza, and the genius who created it and its wonderful lantern was one of the most important artists in Rome: Borromini

The Borromini’s lantern

Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza

It was a church projected during the XVI century, when all the area was under restoration.
What is foundamental to say is that this place was famous in Rome, just because it was the first headquarter of the La Sapienza University.
It was inaugurated during the first years of the XIV century by the Pope Bonifacio VIII, who wanted to show how the city could be the birthplace and the core of the Knowledge.
But over the centuries it was quite destroyed and abandoned.
This is the reason why in the Renaissance, a time in which whatever you want in Rome was restored and built, La Sapienza University was one of the palaces chosen for some restorations.

Cupola - Chiesa Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza

After many years the construction site wasn’t finish.
It was a huge problem, due to the image of Rome which had to indicate the city not only as the place of the Church, but also the refuge of Arts and Wisdow.

They could be created thanks to the deeds of the Christian Church and for this reason the sacred building was essential. Borromini started to work there with a simple aim: he had to built something that could remember to everybody the real symbols of the place.

The Lantern

We could speak a lot about the great project created by the master. How he was able to use geometrical shapes in order to produce a star map, how the inside of the church was so brilliant… but we have to put our attention to the fantastic lantern! An architectural element which connects the ground with the sky, with its curved lines and decorations.

What do it represents?

The lantern is the Fire of the Wisdow, but not only…it symbollically regains the Babele Tower, which was also a symbol of the human Knowledge. Moreover, the lantern regains also the Headlight of Alessandria, other human masterpiece.
So, in this way we could understand how Borromini played with the history and the traditions, in order to obtain something that managed to represent some of the most important human discretions.

Then, he was able to create something more: a new must see monument in Rome!

A prehistoric elephant in Rome

arts in rome study abroad roman history rome historyRome hosts many places from museums to archeological areas in which we can observe its huge history, from the first King to the last emperor, or from the building of the first church to the great construction sites like St Peter’s Basilica. Moreover, we can find in Rome many hidden places visited by people who have the fortune to know them. One of them is the Museum of the Origins, set inside one of the majestic palaces of La Sapienza University. The modern headquarter was totally built during the Fascism, but it is so important when we could entry in this museum. In fact, there is a wonderful surprise…

villaggioRomaLa Sapienza University, the main and the most ancient university in Rome, was founded by the Pope Bonifacio VIII during the first part of the XIV century. His will was to provide Rome with a university, so a place in which all the most clever human minds in that period could stay and study, as the other italian and european example. Today, La Sapienza University doesn’t host just classroom or auditoriums, but also many little museums linked to the departments. One of them is this museum, in which we can learn something about the ancient origin of the land of Rome, when the city was just a dream, and when volcanos, waters and earthquakes changed a lot the place in which, after many centuries, will bring to light the powerful of the “Caput Mundi”.

Amid the relief maps of the first huts used by the men of the Neolitic, and some Skulls and Skeletons belonged to people lived here thousand of year ago, you will find a curious and large Cranium.

What is it? Why is so special?

arts in rome la sapienza university rome history

It belonged to an ancient elephant which looks like to a Mammuth. What is curious in this history is the place of the discovering: the Roman Forum! It was bring to light during the excavations which took place in the area during the first years of the XX century, when Benito Mussolini decided to bring new stability in his Rome, changing its profile in order to create a sort of bridge between the modern Rome with the ancient one. Try to imagine how strange and wonderful is this discover: in the Roman Forum, when Rome created his new world, when the Roman society managed to develop with marble temples, columns and architraves, when Julius Caesar celebrated himself, as other powerful men and emperors…there, many years ago, an Elephant walked through the virgin lands of the seven hills and the little mountains, where the two volcanos, Sabatino and Laziale, shape with their fires and lavas the place in which a little village will become the centre of the ancient world.

A marble intruder at Trevi Fountain

Fontana di Trevi Roma

 

Walking around the famous Trevi Fountain, while your look is totally catched for the great beauty of the majestic Baroque masterpiece, you could find an odd object which seems stand here just for a mistake.
But what is looks like a giant marble vase, it’s the main character of a curious story.
This is the tale of the Ace of Cup

 

 

During the construction site of the gorgeous fountain, the architect Nicola Salvi had some troubles with a picturesque man who lived and worked just close to the place in which would be set the Trevi Fountain. He was, according to the history, a little and fat barber who stood inside his shop, in order to cut the hairs of his customers.
Ace of Cup Trevi FountainThe problem was just one: each day and for many times, this man managed to criticize the Nicola Salvi’s project.
How was annoying it!
Imagine how was terrible for the architect stay here while that man found everytime an excuse for disapprove the construction site!
So, for this reason, Salvi decided to put something which could impede the look at the barber.

And the great solution imagined from the architect was this big marble vase which at the beginning was named as the Ace of the playing card.
And today the name is still the same!

Ace of Cup Trevi Fountain

When you are in front of Trevi Fountain, with its huge sculpted groups which symbolize the real dynamism of the water, try to take a glance at the right.
Very close to the false rock which creates the impressive scenic design of the Fountain, stands this marble vase decorated with naturalistc reliefs.
It’s an example of the Roman tradition

But would you know what is the strange thing?
It is that this story it isn’t just an invention or something similar.
This is the truth!

The importance of the “Gesture”, Sketching & Drawing

Have you ever tried to draw a picture from a photo getting a good result, almost hyperrealistic, but you can feel like something missing, that emphasis and intensity that you see in the drawings of an artist of high level?

Raffaello Sketch
Raffaello Sketch

To me several times, and the reason lies in the study of the design which is the basis of any form of art from painting to sculpture. You can have a “good eye”, a “good hand” but you can’t ignore the study.
The design features more levels that depart from the sketches to draw more comprehensive features shades, lights and shadows up to the composition.

But let us reflect on the best first step:

The Gesture

The gesture is intended as a movement that identify the movement of the subjetc using simple, smooth and fast lines. This method now that we know under the term ” Sketch ” has the function to guess the movement of the dynamic figure.

We go on the practical:

  • First of all, you use a soft pencil as a well sharpened 3B or 4B (but not a rule)
pensil for drawing
pencil for drawing
  • The pencil must be challenged in this way to influence the hand gesture making it smooth and soft
how to hold the pencil in hand
how to hold the pencil in hand
  • The pencil should be tempered in this way to give the opportunity to make stroke thin or thick and gradient
how to sharpen a pensil
how to sharpen a pencil
  • Sketchbook possibly large size

We are faced with ” Hercules and Lica “, a Colossal Sculpture held on National Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art in Rome by Antonio Canova, neoclassical artist of 1700. You have pencil and sketchbook on hand.

Where do you start?

We should observe the sculpture and understand the movement of the subject.
Just a few lines to reconstruct the statue. In the first picture “Lica” is just sketched in a few lines and soft: this is the Sketch and Gesture is in the arch of the back .
Another small sketch can be seen in the top right. These designs date back to 1700 A.D. and today is used the same procedure, maybe not on a sheet of paper but on a Graphics Tablet.

Draw provides a lot of practice. Arts in Rome organizes the “Sketch at the Museum” in order to give the opportunity to visit the museums of Rome and play the great works from the Life.
Sit in front of a Statue of Canova and reproduce it from the sketch up to the complete design just as did the great masters.
Life Drawing teaches a lot and also develops the ability to encode the object from three-dimensional to due-dimensional shape.

During the week dedicate ten minutes to soften the hand and create sketch.
For example, I entrust myself to the videos of Glenn Vilppu for online classes but FOLLOW OUR Art Workshop that we organize in ROME, Italy.

Enjoy and share your drawings in the comment below!

Sketch at the Museum – Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea

[:en]Sketch at the MuseumThis is the first initiative of Arts in Rome Association, with the aim to approach the art lovers to Museums, Galleries and Churches, studying the Masterpieces, their history, drawing it with the help of Ceretificate Drawing Tutor

September 2015 at the G.N.A.M.

As the famous movie “Night at the museum”, Arts in Rome propose you a Sunday afternoon at the “GNAM” (National Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art) in Rome to see one of the best Contemporary Art Collection and to approach its Masterpieces in person sketching and drawing thanks to the help of Antonio Finelli.

Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna RomeThe Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna (GNAM), or National Gallery of Modern Art, is an art gallery in Rome, Italy, founded in 1883 and dedicated to modern and contemporary art; the full name is Galleria nazionale d’arte moderna e contemporanea.[1] Are part of the National Gallery:[2] Museo Boncompagni Ludovisi per le arti decorative, Museo Hendrik C. Andersen, Raccoltà Manzù, Museo Mario Praz.

The National Gallery is located at Via delle Belle Arti, 113, near the Etruscan Museum. With itsneoclassical and Romantic paintings and sculptures, it marks a dramatic change from the glories of the Renaissance and ancient Rome. Its 75 rooms house the largest collection of works by 19th- and 20th-century Italian artists including Giuseppe Ferrari, Giacomo Balla, Umberto Boccioni,Giorgio de Chirico, Giovanni Fattori, Amedeo Modigliani, Giorgio Morandi, Giacomo Manzù,Alberto Burri, Antonio Canova, Felice Casorati and Lucio Fontana.

There are also a few notable works by foreign artists, including Calder, Cézanne, Duchamp,Giacometti, Braque, Degas, Kandinsky, Mondrian, Kostabi, Monet, Jackson Pollock, Rodin, Van Gogh and Klein.Wikipedia

Font: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galleria_Nazionale_d%27Arte_Moderna

 When and How

We meet Sunday 6th of September at 13:30 in front of the museum each one equipped with a sketchpad, pencil and eraser (not allowed in the museum colors, markers, watercolors, etc).

Summing Arts in Rome offers:

  • An Afternoon at the Museum with audio guide included
  • 3 hours of sketch and live drawing of masterpieces like sculpture, paintings with the support of a qualified teacher of Drawing

Quick info

Date: 06th september 2016 at 13.30
Location: Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea
Viale delle Belle Arti, 131 – 00196 Roma
Info: [email protected]
Info call: +39 328 1424 151

Sponsor

sketch-at-the-museum-sketchbook-2cArteWe thanks to 2C Arte  technical sponsor, that will give as FREE GIFT to all partecipants to the event:
+ one Sketchbook
+ one 2B pencil
+ one Sanguine pencil.

Fee 20 € per person, via Paypal payment

A way to spend an afternoon in a spirit of Art

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