When you stay in Piazza Navona you should go to the narrow street along the great palace which hosts the Brazilian Embassy. Go down that street until the final part of the huge building, and turn your eyes to the left: just above a basament you will find a not well preserved marble statue, with some little paper attached in its surface. They are the words of the most famous “statua parlante” (talking staue), in Rome: its name is Pasquino…
What is a “statua parlante”?
It’s a statue in which, over the centuries, were attached papers with satirical writings, mainly used against powerful men or women. Bankers, Popes, Senators and other important people in Rome were put under the fire of that writings.
Why did they attache here? What is this statue?
It was discover at the final part of the XV century, during some excavations occured in that area to build a palace for a powerful cardinal: Oliviero Carafa. Carafa family started to be very important in Rome, and this is the reason why a member of the family became Pope during the XVI with the name of Paolo IV. The archeologists think that this sculpted group represents Patroclo and Menelao, two characters of the Iliade, the Homer’s epic poem. You should know how in that period many schools stood in the area, and probably this is the origin of the legend of the “statua parlante”. Some nights strange papers started to appear above the face or the bust of the statue… but Oliviero Carafa, who was a clever man, knew that the Pasquino was very famous and popular in Rome, mainly in the poor part of the population. For this reason he didnt’ destroy it and used it in a particular way. In fact, the cardinal decided to organize a sort of literary challenge: the students of the nearest school had to write whatever they want (histories, poems etc.) and the winner could have the privilege to see his work attached on the surface of the Pasquino! So, the statue bacame more famous, while the satirical writings named “Pasquinate”, continue to “embellish” it. This is the origin of a real icon of Rome: it belongs to the Romans, that people who can’t stay in high social classes. That people who decided to use their voice in a very particularly way. But there’s just a last question.
Why has Pasquino this name?
There’s a legend which claims how the student of a school not so far from the basament of the statue, had a laugh to a teacher. He probably had some phisical problem and for this reason he looks like the not well preserved sculpted group. “Pasquino” was a sort of insult…and the insults became the main peculiarity of this statue, the first “statua parlante” in the city (in Rome there are other five ones).
The Pantheon is one of the symbol of the ancient Rome, despite of its transformation in a Basilica, since the beginning of the VII century. This wonderful and impressive monument has inspired many artists over the centuries, due to its beauty and its huge dome. This is the reason why in Rome, on canvas or walls, we could observe decorations very similar to the ones who covered the dome of the Pantheon.
Moreover, in Rome there’s also a XVI century church, erected for the order of the Cistercensi, in which we could find a copy of the Pantheon dome.
I’m speaking about the
Church of San Bernando alle Terme
which stands not far from Via Nazionale and Piazza della Repubblica, so in the real city centre. This sacred place has a round shape because it was built just above the remains of one of the ancient angular tower of the majestic Diocleziano’s Baths, which stood in there. That enormous building, plenty of marble decorations, vaulted rooms and swimming pool, covered a large area, was used over the centuries for many things and aims: first of all, it became the perfect place to take materials, as marble or rock. Then, inside its rooms, was created a basilica (Santa Maria degli Angeli), and a museum (Museum of the Terme di Diocleziano). Moreover, the beautiful Church of San Bernardo alle Terme, which means Bath in italian, is the result of hard works on the ancient walls.
What do the church hosts?
A wonderful reproduction of the Pantheon dome, with its coffered ceiling and its oculus, the hole set in the centre which create a connection between the ground and the sky, the home of the Gods. Getting into the church of San Bernardo alle Terme means to do a time travel, where we can observe how the model of the Pantheon was so famous that in Rome, after many centuries, wanted to reproduce it. The relaxing and calm atmosphere which we could breathe here, without the crowd that each day fills the Pantheon, is a wonderful experience.
Sometimes in Rome what could seem normal or without importance can hide something special. How it’s amazing!
.. before ending this story
Inside the church try to search the tomb of Johan Friedrich Overbeck. Who was he? He was an artist lived during the XIX century who found the artistic movement of the “Nazareni”, a sort of group of dandy who loved so much the Renaissance. For this reason he wanted to depict in their paintings the pure figures and profiles of the Italian art of the XV century, when the R enaissance was going to bring to the light. A man who was inspired by the beauty of Rome, as the architect of the Church of San Bernardo alle Terme was inspired by the enormous heritage of the Ancient Rome…
Usually Rome conceals hidden treasures which aren’t so easy to see. But there are also other monuments or little art masterpieces that everyone can look. For example, very close to the Pantheon, the famous ancient Roman temple changed in a Basilica, there’s a tasteful obelisk which surmounts an…elephant! This is the history of the “Pulcino della Minerva”, that we could translate in English like “Minerva’s chick”.
Where is it?
We stay in Piazza della Minerva, a little square surrounded by a great and graceful Basilica, named Santa Maria della Minerva, a famous hotel and other two palaces. In order to understand the history of that crazy sculpted group set just in the centre of this square, I’m to explain something about the palace which stands just next to the Basilica. It was one of the headquartes of the Holy Inquisition, the sacred tribunal of the Christian Church that was born during the XVI century. The main purpose of the Inquisition was to change and “improve” the mistakes in the faith of the heretic people. Sometimes this institution used to tortured that men and women who didn’t want to change their way to believe in God. The palace was erected during the XIII Century for the Dominican order and in the XVI century was chosen like the place in which had to take place the trials against the heretics. Also Galileo Galilei got in it, forswearing what he claimed about the Universe… Moreover, according to the Christian theology, there was an aspect that leads the Inquisition deeds: the Knowledge. So, during the XVII century, when the Pope Innocenzo X decided to restore the square, embellishing Rome and his city centre, he called one of the best artist in that period: Bernini.
The Pope commissioned to the great master of art something which could underline how the Knowledge, mainly in that place, could lead the Church. And Bernini projected this graceful and brilliant sculpted group. The dynamic and wonderful Elephant, with the strong trunk moving by the wind, represents the Mind, while the obelisk symbolizes the Knowledge. The famous Egyptian artifact was brought to light after some excavations made in that area: it represented one of the decorations of the ancient Temple of Iside, one of the goddesses in Egypt, which stood there during the Roman Empire.
Bernini took his inspiration by an arcane book, very famous in Rome, named “Hypnerotomachia Poliphili”, which translates as “Polifilo’s Dream”. In one of his dreams, Polifilo saw an elephant with an obelisck, claiming: “We need to a strong mind for support the burden of the Knwoledge”. And Bernini managed to change the dream in reality, using marble and rocks.
Bernini was used to thinking about new escamotages for his creations…but we are quite at the end of the history. Ther’s just a question. Why is the name so strange? If we look the statue maybe you could think that it is a bit heavy, mainly the elephant dressed with this caparison that looks like a curtain. Why did Bernini choose it? Because the artist had many troubles with the Pope and his way to understand and live the art. Bernini in fact wanted to insert between the elephant’s paws simply an opens space. He desidered to create a sort of feeling of lightness…but the Pope denied it and Bernini changed his project. The name takes his origin from the word “Porcino”, that means a sort of insult, which develop over the centuries in the modern “Pulcino”.
[:en]All the photos of Sketch at Musei Capitolini, Rome!
It is the most amazing Museum that I never seen in my life…and the views overlookings Fori Imperiali are very stunning. I, Giampiero, Antonella, Federica and Janine for Sketch the Sculpture in the Galate Room.
Start to visit the Gallery and come with us the next event.
We start to visit the Museo…
and the simbol of Rome, The Wolf
and after one hour and half visiting all the Masterpieces, we finally start to draw at the Galate Room
Rome, an extraordinary discovery: back to light an ancient home of the VI century A.C.
The remains of an ancient mansion of the beginning of the sixth century a.C. have been found on the Quirinal Hill , in Palazzo Canevari, near Santa Susanna .
The discovery was made during excavations of preventive archeology of supervision and has been called very important for the good condition of the structure and because it was believed that the area was a cemetery.
One found is one of the oldest houses ever found in the capital, and dates back to Servius Tullius . The house, one of a kind when you consider the characteristics of the archaic style and the state of preservation , was quickly called
The PERSPECTIVE of Capitoline Hill (Il Campidoglio), Rome.
When we find ourselves in front of a building or architecture it is difficult to understand the rules of construction unless it is studied previously. Today we look at the structure of Capitoline Hill, and we talk about the Anti-perspective.
The Capitoline Hill, between the Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the seven hills of Rome. It was the citadel of the earliest Romans. The name capitol seems to have meant “dominant height”. The Capitoline contains few ancient ground-level ruins, as they are almost entirely covered up by Medieval and Renaissance palaces (now housing the Capitoline Museums) that surround a piazza, a significant urban plan designed by Michelangelo.
The existing design of the Piazza del Campidoglio and the surrounding buildings was created by Renaissance artist and architect Michelangelo Buonarroti in 1536–1546.
Michelangelo’s solution to the problems of the space in the Piazza del Campidoglio:
Even with their new facades centering them on the new palazzo at the rear, the space was a trapezoid, and the facades did not face each other squarely. Worse still, the whole site sloped. Michelangelo’s solution was radical. The three remodelled buildings enclose a harmonious trapezoidal space, approached by the ramped staircase called the “Cordonata“. The stepped ramp of the cordonata was intended, like a slow-moving escalator, to lift its visitors toward the sky and deposit them on the threshold of municipal authority.
He also used the
As Emanuela Pulvirenti as well explains in her blog www.didatticarte.it, Michelangelo kept the oblique orientation of pre-existing buildings, getting an open -plan slightly trapezoidal ( the Senators Palace and that of the Conservatives form an angle of 80 ° ) , on which lined the new facades , in order to expand the perspective to the visual focus consisting of the Senatorial Palace.
Simple slow-perspective scheme:The slow perspective (or antiperspective), provides the sides of a place is divergent to compensate the convergence of the prospective flights. The end is the effect of an atmosphere less deep than it is really.
The antiprospettiva makes the square appear wider and shorter when viewed from the side porch and the Church most majestic and looming .
20th September 2015 at Appia Antica, II Miglio, Via Cecilia Metella
This is the second initiative of Arts in Rome Association, with the aim to approach the art lovers to Museums, Galleries and Churches, studying the Masterpieces, their history, drawing it with the help of Antonio Finelli Certificate Drawing Tutor
“The Queen of the Long Roads” (Appia teritur regina longarum viarum) this is how was called the Appia Antica Way, the most important Roman roads of the ancient republic reach of roman ruins.
The road is named after Appius Claudius Caecus, the Roman censor who began and completed the first section as a military road to the south in 312 BC during the Samnite Wars. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appian_Way)
When and How
We meet Sunday 20th of September at 13:30 in front of the Basilica of St.Sebastian Fuori le Mura (Catacombe) each one equipped with a sketchpad, pencil and eraser. We’ll visit the Basilica and, thanks to an exceptional authorization from the Parish Office, we’ll can sketch the famous Bernini’s busto titled “Salvator Mundi”. Then we continue with the walk by feet along the Appia Antica Way to get to the Mausoleum of Cecilia Metella. We sit on the park in front of it and we start again to draw the landscape. The teacher Antonio Finelli (www.antoniofinelliarte.it) will give you some hints of perspective and proportion. The event will end at 17:00
Do you know what the importance of Jubilee for Rome? Pope Francis announced the upcoming Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy: a great opportunity for Art Tourism to wondering the Holy Places and the Holy Art. Discover the meaning and the history of the Jubilee and the Churches involved.
In the Bull Misericordiae Vultus, Pope Francis announced the upcoming Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy will begin on 8th of December, the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception, and conclude on 20th of November 2016, with the Solemnity of Christ the King.
A little bit of Jubilee History:
From the first Holy Year of 1300, wanted by Boniface VIII, to St. John Paul II in 2000, millions of faithful uninterrupted went through the doors jubilee of the four Papal Basilicas : St. Peter, St. John Lateran , St. Mary Major and St. Paul Outside the Walls. Church Holy Doors refers to the passage that every Christian is called to accomplish from sin to grace , looking to Christ who himself says : “I am the door”. The Holy Door, indulgences and pilgrimages. These are signs that characterize every Jubilee and that will be the focus also of the Holy Year of mercy by Pope Francis .
What is Jubilee of Mercy?
Its origins date back to the Jewish world when it was a year, declared saint, which fell every 50 years , in which it was meant to restore equality to all the “Children of Israel”, offering new possibilities to families which had lost their property and even their personal freedom. The rich, however, the jubilee year reminded that the time would come when their Israelite slaves would once again become their equals and would be able to reclaim their rights. The Catholic Church has started the tradition of the Jubilee with Boniface VIII in 1300. At first the timing between a Holy Year and the other was 50 years but then was cut in 25 years so that each generation of experiencing at least one, because of high mortality rate .
How does it develop?
In the Bull Misericordiae Vultus which is called the Jubilee of mercy, Pope Francis announced that will cross the Holy Door at St. Peter’s on 8th of December, the opening day of the Holy extraordinary, open wide as that of St. John Lateran on the third Sunday of advent, 13 December. The same gesture will be repeated later in the Holy Doors of the other two major Basilicas of Rome ( St. Mary Major and St. Paul Outside the Walls ). He will “Doors of mercy” – writes Francis in the Bull – where everyone will go beyond the “will experience the love of God, who comforts, forgives and gives hope”. Again on 13th of December will open the ” doors of mercy” in every dioceses of the world will be in the cathedrals or in a church but also of special significance in the sanctuaries where pilgrims can “find the way of conversion”, notes the Pope .
An indulgence is one of the constitutive elements of the Jubilee. In it we see the fullness of the Father’s mercy, who comes to all with his love. In the Bull of Indiction of the Holy extraordinary Pope Francis explains the sense of indulgence. “All of us – the Pope writes – we experience the sin. We know we are called to perfection (cf. Mt 5:48), but we feel a strong sense of sin. (…) Despite the pardon, in our lives we bring the contradictions which are the consequence of our sins”. The Pope recalled that “in the Sacrament of Reconciliation, God forgives sins, which are really deleted”. Yet “the negative imprint that sins have left in our behavior and in our thoughts remain. The mercy of God, however, is even stronger than that. It becomes indulgence of the Father through the Bride of Christ (the Church, ed) reaches the sinner forgiven and free from any residue of the consequence of sin”.
In fact, with the indulgence, the repentant sinner receives a remission of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven (with Confession). To gain the indulgence, you must be in a state of grace. Then comes that the faithful have the interior disposition of complete detachment from sin; that is to approach the Sacrament of Reconciliation; receiving the Eucharist and to pray for the intentions of the Pope.
It also serves to make a ”work“. There are works of mercy, that is making a pilgrimage to a Jubilee shrine or place (you can obtain the indulgence doing this work, not only in Rome – in the major basilicas and in other churches or shrines of the eternal city – but also in places of their dioceses in all five continents, usually in the cathedrals or shrines). Or there are the works of penance, that is, refrain from unnecessary consumption (smoking, alcohol …), fast or abstain from meat and donate a sum to the needy. Or there are The Works of Mercy of which the Pope speaks in the Bull of the Jubilee. And the lists showing that they are a “way to awaken our consciousness often dormant before the tragedy of poverty and to enter more and more in the heart of the Gospel, where the poor are the privileged of God’s mercy”.
Are CORPORAL WORKS of Mercy: feeding the hungry, give drink to the thirsty, clothe the naked, welcome the stranger, assisting the sick, visit the imprisoned, bury the dead.
And they are SPIRITUAL WORKS of Mercy: counseling the doubtful, teach the ignorant, admonish sinners, comfort the afflicted, forgive offenses, stand troublesome peoplepatiently, praying to God for the living and the dead.
In the Holy Year pilgrimage are the main goals of the four major Basilicas of Rome ( St. Peter , St. John Lateran , St. Mary Major and St. Paul Outside the Walls ) where you can get indulgence . But in each diocese will be shown pilgrimage sites related to the Jubilee.
Rome deserted; It is the Day after August and the weather is not too good…what can do? We decided to visit the Centrale Montemartini in Rome, Ostiense and I can say that we had a great idea! The Museum was born in 1997 as a result of exhibition called “The machines and the Gods” set up inside the first Roman Public Power Plant. A mix of industrial and classical architecture made harmonious in a single enviroment.
The wonderful museum space, for the first time conceived as temporary on the occasion of the return of a part of sculptures in the Capitolin Museums in 2005, at the end of renovation work, has been confirmed as the permanent collections of more recent acquisition of the Capitoline Museum.
Coming in the Museum the first impression you get is of a metaphysical and surreal enviroment; it seems to be in a “Steam Punk” yarn, with giants machinery of old electric factory share against Busts, Semibusts made by white marble. Split into two levels the first is dedicated to friezes, monumental sculptures and sculptural heads while the second floor is devoted entirely to remains found in the Temple of Apollo Sosianus dating of the V century A.C., (near the Marcello’s Theatre) and you can also admire a beautiful mosaic rebuilt telling about “The Boar Hunt”.
What I was most intrigued by? Some wonderful discoveries of a colossal statue of a goddess, the statue of the Satyr Marsyas (see from Ovidio’s Metamorphoses book the story of “Apollo and Marsyas”) and finally the numerous busts of ancient roman soldier.
At the end of the tour in the museum, fortunately, we thought good to bring with us the sketchbook to do some draw and sketch of live statues!
[:en]This is the first initiative of Arts in Rome Association, with the aim to approach the art lovers to Museums, Galleries and Churches, studying the Masterpieces, their history, drawing it with the help of Ceretificate Drawing Tutor
September 2015 at the G.N.A.M.
As the famous movie “Night at the museum”, Arts in Rome propose you a Sunday afternoon at the “GNAM” (National Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art) in Rome to see one of the best Contemporary Art Collection and to approach its Masterpieces in person sketching and drawing thanks to the help of Antonio Finelli.
We meet Sunday 6th of September at 13:30 in front of the museum each one equipped with a sketchpad, pencil and eraser (not allowed in the museum colors, markers, watercolors, etc).
Summing Arts in Rome offers:
An Afternoon at the Museum with audio guide included
3 hours of sketch and live drawing of masterpieces like sculpture, paintings with the support of a qualified teacher of Drawing
Date: 06th september 2016 at 13.30 Location: Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea Viale delle Belle Arti, 131 – 00196 Roma Info:[email protected] Info call: +39 328 1424 151
We thanks to 2C Arte technical sponsor, that will give as FREE GIFT to all partecipants to the event: + one Sketchbook + one 2B pencil + one Sanguine pencil.
Fee 20 € per person, via Paypal payment
A way to spend an afternoon in a spirit of Art
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